In mid May last military base Fort Bliss, Texas was delivered four samples infantry fighting vehicles, created by different companies. This armor was brought for comparative tests, the purpose of which was to identify the most appropriate BMP Pentagon. Specifically, these tests are conducted from 17 to 25 May, were part of a subroutine NDV Not-Developmental Vehicle -Technology that does not require the development, which in turn is part of the program GCV Ground Combat Vehicle -Ground combat vehicles.
CV9035 BAE Systems on tests by the U.S. Army GCV program landfill White Sanjo .
GCV program was started in 2009 after the cessation of work on the "Future Combat Systems" Future Combat Systems -FCS. Cancel the previous program had no impact on the need for re Army and U.S. Marine Corps new appliances. Therefore operated under the relevant section of the program FCS were saved and used in GCV.
At the same time, these two programs have a serious difference. Thus, FCS meant uncontested creating completely new infantry fighting vehicle. GCV, in turn, involves just three variants of BMP. The first relates to rethink experience and practices in the use of this class of vehicles. The implication was that in some cases the role of the infantry fighting vehicle can take on armored personnel carriers with appropriate weapons.
However, with time Pentagon analysts have concluded that it is still too early to abandon this type of armor. The second way of development of BMP is to consider and, potentially, the beginning of mass production combat vehicle that has already been established and meets the requirements of the customer or can be quickly and easily aligned with them. The third section of the program GCV is the most difficult, expensive and time consuming: the creation of a completely new infantry fighting vehicle.
Three samples for testing by the U.S. Army`s GCV program landfill White Sanjo. Left to right: Turretless Bradley, CV9035, Namer .
Past month ago trials are part of the work in the second direction. Since the new BMP should go to the troops already in 2017, and the development of new car can take a much longer time, it was decided once again to compare and validate existing types of vehicles.
To participate in the program were invited to just five companies that submitted five armored vehicles. This BMP Israeli Namer, made on the basis of tank Merkava Mk4, Swedish CV9035 development BAE Systems Hagglunds, General Dynamics Stryker SDVH and BMP M2A3 Bradley, in which BAE Systems removed native tower with an automatic gun. In addition, the commission responsible for the program GCV NDV, were handed over documents to the German BMP Puma, but the actual sample did not get to America.
For obvious reasons, details during nine days of testing were not disclosed. Nevertheless, it is known that all four machines delivered overcame specially prepared tracks with obstacles of various kinds, and then were transported to the landfill White Sands, where they produced estimates of fire. It is worth noting comparative tests presented four infantry fighting vehicles -it is far from simple. They all have a quite different structure, which entails a lot of effects.
For example compare Israeli vehicle Namer and Swedish CV9035. So, "" intend, as processing of the main battle tank Merkava Mk4, has protivosnaryadnuyu composite armor. CV9035, in turn, is able to protect the crew of "only" 14.5-mm armor-piercing bullets. But in the field of arms forward sees Swedish development: its 30 -or 40-mm automatic gun in its capabilities significantly exceed 12.7 mm M2HB machine gun or automatic grenade launcher Mk19, mounted on "intend".
same instability is observed among the contestants and their fighting weight. The easiest of the contestants is Stryker SDVH with its 18 tons. In turn, Namer, as an explicit "descendant" of the tank, weighs all sixty.
Israeli Namer heavy armored personnel carriers on tests by the U.S. Army`s GCV program landfill White Sanjo .
In general, comparing such different machines, though belonging to the same class, it`s pretty complicated. However, in some ways it is even a plus. Wide variation in the characteristics -both in running and in combat -allows to draw conclusions and to develop a more efficient shape BMP future.
course, hardly any of what the various machines will be the benchmark for all indicators prospective design, but will choose the general direction of development. Moreover, in case of failure of the planned date of establishment of a wholly new take on a momentum BMP program NDV another positive consequence in the form of purchases of existing armored infantry responsible for most currently available requirements. But this development will only if BAE Systems and General Dynamics will not cope with their commitments.
Back in 2009, these companies were asked to develop their projects promising BMP to equip Army and Marine Corps. On the exact progress BAE Systems and GD is not subject, though from time to time and share various computer images and diagrams relating.
Currently available information it seems the continuation of existing trends in the development of American BMP. Submitted at BAE Systems and General Dynamics images clearly visible specific lines tower machine "Bradley" and similar to her arms.
As for Coil, in her case, one can observe the classical scheme of infantry fighting vehicle with the engine compartment in front of the body and landing in the back. Obviously, such an arrangement -incidentally, used by all the members except NDV subroutine "Stryker" -will be the basis for that machine, which eventually will be adopted.
Machines predostavlennye BAE Systems to the test program of the U.S. Army GCV landfill White Sanjo -the foreground Turretless Bradley, her modified M2A3 Bradley .On the arms
new projects machines GCV program so far, but from published material should be the fact that it, too, will continue to "tradition." Primary weapon as a 30 -or 40-mm automatic cannon and machine gun additional 7.62 or 12.7 mm long established itself in the best way and it is unlikely the U.S. military will go to a major change in the set. Is that to the requirements of the receiver will be added armament wishes regarding automatic grenade launcher or anti-tank missiles. But this area is not something revolutionary new.
should be noted that test and develop infantry combat vehicles are not the only goal of the program GCV. In addition to the BMP, the program involves the creation on its base, and the so-called self-propelled howitzer secondary machine. Relatively self-propelled known that caliber guns will be not less than 100 mm, but on "secondary drive" is not yet known almost nothing. At the moment, the military and engineers did not publish detailed information about this type of technology.
Modified M2A3 Bradley IFV trials program at the U.S. Army GCV landfill White Sanjo .
likely under such a strange term refers to a universal platform for command and staff, health, repair and recovery, and similar machines. However, acknowledgment of this version has not yet been. But the customer and the developer a lot of talk about the requirements for electronics promising BMP. Communications, navigation and target machines must be fully compatible with the currently produced integrated communications and control BCT Network.
There is evidence that before the end of June and the month will complete the analysis of information on comparative tests. Further, all the data will be transferred to the appropriate department of the Pentagon, as well as companies engaged in developing new infantry fighting vehicles. Accordingly, the appearance of projects can vary significantly.
Stryker on tests by the U.S. Army`s GCV program landfill White Sanjo .
At the same time, the adjustment of projects is unlikely to be a long and laborious. It is obvious that the developers themselves in the face of GD and BAE Systems have long worked together with the military requirements for their development.
/ Kirill Ryabov, topwar.ru /